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PUTs new media into a Drive file, in the HTTP sense:

  • If the file already exists, we replace its content.

  • If the file does not already exist, we create a new file.

This is a convenience wrapper around drive_upload() and drive_update(). In pseudo-code:

target_filepath <- <determined from `path`, `name`, and `media`>
hits <- <get all Drive files at target_filepath>
if (no hits) {
  drive_upload(media, path, name, type, ...)
} else if (exactly 1 hit) {
  drive_update(hit, media, ...)
} else {


  path = NULL,
  name = NULL,
  type = NULL,
  verbose = deprecated()



Character, path to the local file to upload.


Specifies target destination for the new file on Google Drive. Can be an actual path (character), a file id marked with as_id(), or a dribble.

If path is a shortcut to a folder, it is automatically resolved to its target folder.

If path is given as a path (as opposed to a dribble or an id), it is best to explicitly indicate if it's a folder by including a trailing slash, since it cannot always be worked out from the context of the call. By default, the file is created in the current user's "My Drive" root folder.


Character, new file name if not specified as part of path. This will force path to be interpreted as a folder, even if it is character and lacks a trailing slash. Defaults to the file's local name.


Named parameters to pass along to the Drive API. Has dynamic dots semantics. You can affect the metadata of the target file by specifying properties of the Files resource via .... Read the "Request body" section of the Drive API docs for the associated endpoint to learn about relevant parameters.


Character. If type = NULL, a MIME type is automatically determined from the file extension, if possible. If the source file is of a suitable type, you can request conversion to Google Doc, Sheet or Slides by setting type to document, spreadsheet, or presentation, respectively. All non-NULL values for type are pre-processed with drive_mime_type().


[Deprecated] This logical argument to individual googledrive functions is deprecated. To globally suppress googledrive messaging, use options(googledrive_quiet = TRUE) (the default behaviour is to emit informational messages). To suppress messaging in a more limited way, use the helpers local_drive_quiet() or with_drive_quiet().


An object of class dribble, a tibble with one row per file.


# create a local file to work with
local_file <- tempfile("drive_put_", fileext = ".txt")
writeLines(c("beginning", "middle"), local_file)

# PUT to a novel filepath --> drive_put() delegates to drive_upload()
file <- drive_put(local_file)
#>  No pre-existing Drive file at this path. Calling `drive_upload()`.
#> Local file:
#> Uploaded into Drive file:
#>drive_put_15bb6f50e94c.txt <id: 1VJPmHqxjedc-rJL6xFgFySJngtRAdkgx>
#> With MIME type:

# update the local file
cat("end", file = local_file, sep = "\n", append = TRUE)

# PUT again --> drive_put() delegates to drive_update()
file <- drive_put(local_file)
#>  A Drive file already exists at this path. Calling `drive_update()`.
#> File updated:
#>drive_put_15bb6f50e94c.txt <id: 1VJPmHqxjedc-rJL6xFgFySJngtRAdkgx>

# create a second file at this filepath
file2 <- drive_create(basename(local_file))
#> Created Drive file:
#>drive_put_15bb6f50e94c.txt <id: 1XEBIqd5OMSm4iheChvPhBYBAioW3KUWo>
#> With MIME type:

# PUT again --> ERROR
#> Error in drive_put(local_file): Multiple items already exist on Drive at the target filepath.
#> Unclear what `drive_put()` should do. Exiting.
#>  drive_put_15bb6f50e94c.txt <id: 1XEBIqd5OMSm4iheChvPhBYBAioW3KUWo>
#>  drive_put_15bb6f50e94c.txt <id: 1VJPmHqxjedc-rJL6xFgFySJngtRAdkgx>

# Clean up
drive_find("drive_put_.+[.]txt") %>% drive_rm()
#> Files deleted:
#>drive_put_15bb6f50e94c.txt <id: 1XEBIqd5OMSm4iheChvPhBYBAioW3KUWo>
#>drive_put_15bb6f50e94c.txt <id: 1VJPmHqxjedc-rJL6xFgFySJngtRAdkgx>